What Is Hormone Replacement Therapy?
When women hit menopause, their estrogen levels fall. It is possible that they will get hot flashes and vaginal dryness. Hormone replacement therapy can treat menopause symptoms.
Doctors recommend a low dose of estrogen for women who have had a hysterectomy. Estrogen comes in different forms. Either you can take a daily pill, a patch, a vaginal ring, gel, or spray.
Pills are the most common treatment for menopause symptoms. Most pills are administered once a day.
The patch is applied to the abdomen. Some patches are worn for a few days at a time. Others are worn for a week.
This estrogen comes in the form of creams, gels, and sprays. This form of estrogen is absorbed through the skin into the bloodstream.
This estrogen comes in a cream, ring, or tablets. Typically, this treatment is used in women who have dryness, itchiness, and burning or pain during sex.
Estrogen/Progesterone/Progestin Hormone Therapy
This is a combination therapy. It combines estrogen and progestin. It is used in women who still have a uterus. It diminishes the risk for cancer of the endometrium. The endometrium is the lining of the uterus.
Progesterone is a form of birth control. However, it can also treat menopause symptoms such as hot flashes.
Who Shouldn’t Take Hormone Replacement Therapy?
Women who have the following conditions should skip HRT:
– Blood clots
– Heart or liver disease
– Heart attack
What Are the Side Effects of HRT?
– Breast swelling or tenderness
– Mood changes
– Vaginal bleeding
What Is Menopause?
Menopause is the end of a woman’s menstrual cycle and fertility. It occurs when:
– The ovaries don’t make estrogen and progesterone.
– Your periods have stopped for a year.
Menopause occurs naturally with age. However, it can also come on from surgery or illness. This is known as induced or surgical menopause or premature ovarian failure.
Menopause begins at about 51 years of age. However, it can come on before 40. This is known as premature menopause. Genetics determines the age at which it begins.
The first sign might be an irregular menstrual cycle. Once it begins, it should cease within around four years. Other symptoms include:
– Mood swings
– Diminished sex drive
– Hot flashes
– Racing heart
– Vaginal dryness and soreness
– Painful intercourse
– Sleeping troubles
The Three Stages of Menopause
The cycles are irregular, but they haven’t ceased completely. Most women will come to this stage at about 47. You can still get pregnant now.
This is when you will come to your last period. Hot flashes, vaginal dryness, and sleep problems happen now.
This starts after a year from your final period. After a year with no periods, vaginal bleeding is not normal. So, you need to tell your Las Vegas hormone doctor if you have any bleeding.
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